1. His childhood and youth

June 22, 2013 in The Final Divine Religion ISLAM

The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) graced our world in Honorable Mecca in the year 571 of the Common Era, on the 12th morning of the Islamic lunar month of Rabiulawwal, a Monday, which coincides with April 20. He belongs to the most honorable family in the tribe of Kuraish on both sides of his father and mother.

The childhood and youth of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) passed in purity and loftiness that reflected qualifications for the brightest future. He was a shepherd for a period. Then, he engaged in commerce.[1] He became famed for honesty and fairness in trade, and he became respected and esteemed.

The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) was the best of his nation in terms of virtuousness, the most honorable in terms of ancestry, and the most upright in terms of morals. He was the one who most respected the rights of neighbors, most gentle and loyal, foremost in trustworthiness and credibility, and he stayed away from bad acts and harm towards people. It was never seen that he condemned and reproached someone or quarreled with someone. Because God Almighty collected every high merit and characteristic in him, his tribe used to call him “Muhammad Al Amin” which means Muhammad the Trustworthy. Trustworthiness had become his name since, when he was 25 in Mecca, he used to be just called “Al Amin” (the Trustworthy).[2] Even later, the pagans used to trust him with their properties rather than their partisans.

When the Kaaba was being repaired people disagreed over the choice of a person who would garner the honor of reinstituting al-Hajar-ul-Aswad (the Black Stone of Kaaba) into its place. They referred to our master the Prophet as the arbitrator, and he prevented a great war with an ingenious solution by having a representative from each tribe hold the corner of a cloth in the center of which the Black Stone was placed and raise it, whereupon he himself took it and placed it with his noble hand.[3]

When the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) turned 25, the noble and honorable lady of Mecca who admired his honesty, HE Khadija, proposed marriage to him. She was fifteen years older than our master the Prophet and was a widow with children. HE Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) accepted her proposal and established with her an extremely pure and serene family home that would become an example for humanity. The first twenty-four years of his marriage that coincide with his youth and energy passed only with HE Khadija (Allah be pleased with her). Likewise, the next five years passed alone with the mother of believers Sawda who was also a widowed woman. All his subsequent marriages hinged on humanistic and political goals. If it were true, as certain insinuations claim, that the reason for these marriages were lust, the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) would not have spent his life’s youngest and most energetic period with a widow who had children and was fifteen years older than him.[4]



[1].     Bukhari, Icâre, 2; Abû Dâwud, Edeb, 17, 82; Hâkim, III, 200.

 

[2].     Ibn-i Hişâm, I, 191; Ibn-i Sa’d, I, 121, 156.

 

[3].     Ibn-i Hişâm, I, 209-214; Abdürrezzâk, V, 319.

 

[4].     For details on the wisdom of our master the Prophet’s more than one marriage see Osman Nûri TOPBAŞ, Hazret-i Muhammed Mustafâ, Istanbul 2008, I, 130-140.