HE Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) had infinite mercy not only towards human beings, but also towards animals and plants. Upon the pagans’ treason when they breached their contract and chose war, the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) departed for Mecca with his magnificent army of ten thousand. While he was going from the place called Arj towards Talub, he saw a dog that stretched over her puppies and was feeding them. He immediately called Juayl bin Suraka from his Companions and ordered him to guard these animals. He asked him to be careful that the mother and pups not be bothered by the Army of Islam.
One day, the Messenger of Allah stopped by the garden of one of the Ansar. Inside, a camel moaned and cried when it saw our master the Prophet. Our master went to the side of the camel and caressed the back of its ears with compassion. The camel calmed down. The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) asked:
“Whose is this camel?” A young man from Medina approached and said:
“It’s mine O Messenger of Allah!”
HE Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) said:
“Are you not you afraid of Allah regarding this animal He granted you? It is complaining to me that you did not feed it and tired it a lot.” (Abu Dawud, Jehad, 44/2549)
One day our master the Prophet saw a man who was slaughtering a sheep. He was trying to sharpen his knife after he laid down the sheep. As a result of this insensitive and cold attitude our master the Noble Messenger warned the man as follows:
“Do you want to kill the animal many times? Why didn’t you sharpen your knife before you laid it down?” (Hakim, IV, 257, 260/7570)
The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) forgave people who had committed great evil against him, even though he had the power to punish them. He did not embarrass them for their crimes even with a word or an allusion. This is because the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) did not want anyone harmed, whether believers or disbelievers, and he would conduct himself towards others with noble manners and morals. When he conquered Mecca without bloodshed, people who had been his enemies for twenty one years had gathered together and were waiting for the verdict he would give about them. He said to them:
“O the community of Kuraish! What do you think that I will do to you now?” The Kuraish said:
“Hoping that you will do goodness and benevolence, we say ‘You will do good.’ You are a benevolent and honorable brother, a benevolent and honorable brother cousin!” In response the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) said:
“Just like HE Joseph said to his brothers, I say ‘This day let no reproach be cast on you: Allah will forgive you, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.’ Now you may go, you are free!” (See Ibn Hisham, IV, 32; Vakidi, II, 835; Ibn-i Sad, II, 142-143)
That day he also forgave Hind who angrily chewed out the liver of his dead uncle HE Hamza after the Battle of Uhud. Even Hebbar bin Aswad, who caused the death of HE Zaynab, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him), received his share of this amnesty as did so many others.
The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) was an extremely humble person. On this Day of Conquest when he was seen as the most powerful in the eyes of the people, he suggested cooling down as follows to a person who came to his presence and started to shiver while he was talking: “Calm down! I am not a king or ruler. I am the son of a woman from Kuraish who ate dried meat.” (Ibn-I Majah, Etime, 30; Hakim, III, 50/4366).
He used to instruct his Companions: “Kindly call me ‘the slave (subject) and messenger of Allah.’”
In the proclamation of the declaration of accepting his prophethood, he insisted on adding the word abduhu, the slave or subject of Allah. This way he used to protect his nation from falling into the danger of attributing divinity to human beings. He also used to say on this issue:
“Do not elevate me above my rightful rank! Before Allah adopted me as His messenger, he adopted me as His subject.” (Haythami, IX, 21)
Abu Umama (Allah be pleased with him) said:
“The speech of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) was all related to the Quran (he talked about It and explained It). He used to recite the name of Allah a lot. He never engaged in idle talk. He kept his sermons short and his ritual prayers long. He did not hesitate to walk with a widow or a destitute pauper to take care of their business and was never arrogant.” (See Haythami, IX, 20; Nesai, Jumuah, 31).
HE the Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) was exemplary in kindness, politeness, and elegance. He used to order that clothes be proper, he did not tolerate rags and did not approve tangled hair or beards. He never used to pronounce the bad or rude words that people used. He said:
“On the Day of Judgment, in the Balance of the believer, there will be nothing heavier than good morals. Allah the Exalted hates a person who makes ugly moves or says ugly words.” (Tirmizi, Birr, 62/2002)
When the news that someone had been saying something unacceptable reached him, he would not say, “Why is So-and-so saying such and such?” Instead, he would say “Why is it that certain people are saying such and such?” (Abu Dawud, Adab, 5/4788).
With the commands of Allah and His Messenger laws were established enhancing the status of women. Women became exemplary in modesty and virtue. The institution of motherhood gained honor. With the saying of the Prophet “Serve your mother, for Paradise is under her feet!” mothers were put on a pedestal. As the mother of believers HE Aisha states, the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) never in his life engaged in domestic violence or hit anyone with his hand. Indeed, the Almighty God said:
“…live with them on a footing of kindness and equity.” (An-Nisa` (Women), 4:19)
Our master the Prophet was extremely generous. One of the prominent people among the pagans of Mecca, Safwan bin Umayya, was with our Master in the battles of Huneyn and Taif even though he was not a Muslim at the time. As they were examining the spoils of war in Jiranah, the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) noticed Sawfan staring at the flocks with admiration and asked:
“Do you like what you see?” When Safwan said yes the Prophet said:
“Then take them, they are all yours!” Safwan could not control himself and said:
“No heart other than a Prophet’s can be this generous!” He proclaimed his faith and became a Muslim. When he returned to his tribe he said:
“Oh my tribe! (Run and) be Muslims. Muhammad is demonstrating great kindness and benevolence.” (Muslim, Fedhail, 57-58; Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, III, 107-108).
The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) passed away on June 8th, 632 CE, in the 11th year of the Islamic calendar, on the 12th of the month of Rabiulawwal, a Monday.
Only ten years after coming as an immigrant to Medina, the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace be upon him) established hegemony on all Arabia, stretching from Oman to the Red Sea and from South Syria to Yemen. For the first time in its history, the unity of Arabia had been established. A French thinker extols the magnificent genius of HE Prophet based on his success in his mission:
“If grandeur of purpose, limited means, and magnificence of outcome are the three great measures of human genius, who can dare to compare the greatest personalities of the modern history with (HE) Muhammad?”